Protection Against Liver Diseases


Prevention of Liver Cancer


The liver cancer can be prevented in two ways. First, avoidance of alcohol intake, and prevention of development of Hepatitis B or C.
Viral hepatitis factors (Hepatitis B or C) include exchange of infected injectors between drug addicts, blood, rarely other secretions, or through sexual intercourse. Transmission of this disease can be prevented by using disposable injectors in hospitals, extensively and properly screening any blood donors of blood banks, and rejecting donations from individuals with virus. Spread of Hepatitis B can be prevented by vaccinating all newborns and uninfected population.

Another prevention method is to closely monitor the patients with hepatic cirrhosis. A liver cancer may develop in some of these patients. This can be prevented by liver transplantation on the right time, or surgical approach to diseased liver tissue. All patients with cirrhosis should consult specialized physicians in liver diseases to find out where liver transplantation is suitable to them.


Prevention of Cirrhosis


Alcoholism, Hepatitis B and C, the most common causes of cirrhosis, are preventable causes as mentioned in the section of prevention of liver cancer. However, the cirrhosis can, from time to time, be caused by unpreventable genetic diseases such as autoimmune hepatitis, metabolic disorders (e.g. Wilson disease particularly in children, and others), primary biliary cirrhosis, and primary sclerosant cholangitis.


Prevention of Spread of Viral Hepatitis


Appropriate hygiene, Appropriate hygiene is essential to prevent many diseases including hepatitis from spreading.

Other precautionary measures include the followings:

  1.  Immunization – Hepatitis B vaccine is routinely administrated as part of immunization program in toddlers. Hepatitis A vaccine is administrated in those who are at risk of catching the disease during a journey. (There is currently no vaccine for hepatitis C, D or E.)
  2.  Blood transfusion – The blood products are routinely screened for Hepatitis, B, C, and HIV to reduce the risk of infection during transfusion.
  3.  Preparation of Antibodies – In case of being exposed to Hepatitis B, an antibody preparate can be administrated to prevent one from catching the disease.

In case of groups and conditions at high risk, precautions should be taken for Hepatitis B and C:

  1.  Unsafe blood transfusion,
  2.  Family history of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C,
  3.  Surgical procedures or dental manipulations,
  4.  Administration of intravenous drugs,
  5.  Unprotected intercourse,
  6.  Dialysis,
  7.  Medical staff or paramedical staff

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